31 Jul, 2016, No commentsAlexander Pushkin is known all over the world and is referred to be the greatest Russian poet and his works are well-known by every russian. Nevertheless, in his biography there are some details that may shock even those who know by heart the whole of "Eugene Onegin".
It is known that Pushkin could remember his childhood from 4 years. Many times he told his friends about how one day on a walk he noticed the swaying and shaking of the earth and pillars. We know that the last earthquake in Moscow was recorded in 1803. But it is interesting here how exactly Pushkin described the events of the distant childhood. Referring to the diaries of his closest Lyceum friend Ivan Pushin:
March 9, 1815, Saturday.Today we had a long talk about the earliest childhood memories. Sasha, always agile and lively, suddenly seemed to limp. He began to talk about how he became a witness of the earthquake in 4 years. He told us how he was afraid, and how he buried himself in the grass with fear, like an animal. Sasha was speaking very unusual, he repeated for several times the words "Animal fear" and he at that moment seemed somehow frightened like a clumsy animal ...
Carefully reread this diary entry. Ivan Pushin - a close friend of the poet - said that he was unlike to himself, seemed to be "a clumsy animal." Remember this unusual fact!
But some more interesting facts are coming. Once the Pushkins' house was visited by the Russian writer Ivan Dmitriev. Pushkin was then still a child. Here is how this visit is described by a famous russian historian V. Nepomnyashchii:
Dmitriev decided to make fun of the unusual appearance of the boy and said: "What a bear-cub!" But suddenly the boy gave the answer: "Yes, but not a heachhog-cub!" The adults were surprised and terribly confused, because the writer Dmitriev really was shortly cut as a result of typhus ...
Bear-cub? I wonder what was it in young Pushkin's appearance, forcing the writer Dmitriev to give him such a strange nickname?
Later, when it's time to admission to the famous Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, at the young Pushkin, it appears, are having serious problems - it simply does not want to take it to the prestigious school! Only the intervention of his uncle - Vasily Pushkin, a personal friend of the minister Speransky provided nephew place among thirty lucky.
But the question is, did the selection committee did not immediately could see the boy's talents? Interestingly, this episode in the life of the poet describes in his diaries professor Kunitsyn, who headed the selection committee and then for six years taught at the high school students logic, psychology and law:
Introduced next examinee. We looked at each other with Alexei: short, full, under the eyes large black circles toed gait, eyes swimming. He went with his father's hand, clearly afraid of us. Seated on a chair, began to ask questions. He is speaking with difficulty, losing concentration. My name is Sasha, celebrated for 12 years, but there is a delay in development. While asking questions to his father, Sergei, little Sasha had to sleep leaning against the foot of his father. Our verdict was unanimous and disappointing boy studying at the Lycée will not. However, children's poems and drawings that his father brought in a folder, were curious ...
Pay attention to the detailed description of the young Pushkin: dark circles under the eyes, completeness, toed gait .... Let us remember the nickname "Bear", which gave the little Pushkin writer Ivan Dmitriev ... Let us remember how Leo described his friend as a "floppy frightened animal" ... Gradually these disparate facts and evidence add up to a shocking, unusual, but at the same time the only possible picture ...
We believe that today, thanks to these undisputed facts, you can make a bold assumption: the sun of Russian poetry, Alexander Pushkin to a certain point, in whole or in part it was not a boy, and baby animals. Namely - to bear. Judging by the sleepiness and appearance, as described by Professor Kunitsyn, the future poet was a kid ... panda!
"The kid looks very strange"
Surprisingly, it is only to change the course of things, as the facts begin immediately to speak for themselves. From the diary of that same uncle - Basil L.. Year 1800 th, nephew - one year. Uncle had just returned from a long trip to France.
May 13, Wednesday. He raided a visit to Sergei and Nadenka. I wanted to just cuddle the little Sasha, a gift that had brought him from Lyon excellent toy. Brother suddenly stir and Nadia all ran to the nursery. Sergei sat me down on a canapé and said slowly, that the baby looks very strange that they had a doctor and confirmed their fears. Entered in tears Nadia and told me at the sight of Sasha was not worried and did not cry, to treat him like a normal child, and that if I will not on their own, they will understand ... Deciding not to bother in vain parents who obviously too worry, I bowed and went to his foundry on ...
And now the word of Pushkin grandmother, Maria Alekseevna Hannibal, whose little Sasha spent every summer since 1805, the year.
I do not know what will come out of my eldest grandson. Sasha uncontrollable. He sleeps all the time, and when it wakes up, he immediately stumbles into the garden and walk there between the bushes. Yesterday took him into the living room pink to show albums, and he saw in the corner of the bamboo cane, unusually quickly grabbed her and began to gnaw ... We Paramonov with barely managed to take away his cane ... His teeth are cut, or what?
Shrouded in secrecy appearance baby, strange habits of a little boy in my grandmother's estate - all this only confirms our bold conjecture.
But why the panda? It came into being "unknown critter" How cute in a noble family? (By the way, we now becomes obvious autobiographical episode of "The Tale of Tsar Saltan").
Clues we found in the Central Archives of the Foreign Ministry of Russia, which holds not only the evidence of the Soviet era, but also documents the College of Foreign Affairs, Peter I founded back in 1720, the year. According to the visiting statements, Pushkin couple - parents of Alexander, - from May to October 1798 was traveling on the East. Itinerary eloquent: in addition to Persia and India, in the last paragraph it appears ... China! It would seem that what this excursion into the geography? But just think - nine months before the birth of his little Sasha's parents are in China - the only place on earth where the natural environment is living giant panda ...
"I did not recognize it at first"
How did it happen so that this little creature still was a man (in whole or in part)? Hard to say. But it is obvious that after the first year of Lyceum Pushkin training has changed a lot. Here remembers all the same, MA Hannibal grandson to visit her at the cottage in the summer of 1812.
Sergey has not lost with his Lyceum. Study it clearly went for the benefit of Alexander. Honestly, I did not at first even recognize. Noticeably thinner and stronger, to respect, speaks fluent ... Circles under the eyes is still there, but even they, I think, began to disappear. He looks even sunburned a little bit..
One way or another, but in 1817 the first graduation of high school students. Having passed for seventeen days in May, 15 exams, among which was the Latin, Russian, German and French literature, general history, law, mathematics, physics, geography, Pushkin and his friends received certificates. And although the poet appeared on the twenty-sixth of progress, however, he had over the years of study show exceptional ability and, most importantly, finally become a man.
Pushkin was a Panda
31. Jul. 2016